Superfamily of gastropods

Chelidonura varians.jpg
Chelidonura varians 22
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Infraclass: Euthyneura
Superfamily: Philinoidea
Gray, 1850 (1815)

Philinoidea is a taxonomic superfamily of sea slugs, specifically headshield slugs, marine gastropod mollusks in the order Cephalaspidea. [1]


The species in the Superfamily Philinoidea are generally small animals, and have no shell or gills. Unlike some related forms, the visceral mass is not sharply set off from the rest of the body.[2]


According to the latest taxonomy, the following families are recognised in the Superfamily Philinoidea:[1]


  1. ^ a b MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Philinoidea Gray, 1850 (1815). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2021-10-14
  2. ^ Barnes, Robert D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 376. ISBN 978-0-03-056747-6.
  3. ^ a b c d e Oskars, T.R.; Bouchet, P.; Malaquias, M.A. (2015). "A new phylogeny of the Cephalaspidea (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) based on expanded taxon sampling and gene markers". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 89: 130–150. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.011. PMID 25916189.

External links

Wikispecies has information related to Philinoidea.
Taxon identifiers

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